Deleting Vehicle From Insurance Coverage

Insurance attorneys in the Dallas and Fort Worth areas need to know about a recent United States Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals decision. It is styled, Bituminous Casualty Corporation v. The Travelers Indemnity Company; Frontier Mining & Material, L.L.C. Here is the relevant information.
Travelers issued a commercial automobile insurance policy to Big D Concrete, Inc. (“Big D”) with a policy period of November 7, 2010 through November 7, 2011. Bituminous issued a commercial automobile insurance policy to Frontier for a policy period of June 10, 2011 through June 10, 2012. In August 2011, Big D leased a 1999 Mack tractor and a 1999 Vantage trailer (“the Tractor and Trailer”) to Frontier as evidenced by an Equipment Lease (“the Lease”) dated in August 2, 2011 and an Addendum to Equipment Lease dated August 5, 2011. The Equipment Lease required Frontier to insure against the entire risk of loss related to the lease equipment and provided that Frontier’s insurance policy coverage would be primary and non-contributing.
On August 10, 2011, a Policy Change Request was submitted on behalf of Big D to Travelers requesting that 10 units owned by Big D be deleted from its commercial automobile insurance policy with Travelers. The Tractor and Trailer were among the 10 units deleted from the policy with Travelers. The Policy Change Request was ultimately approved and an endorsement change (“the Endorsement”) was issued with an approval date retroactively effective to August 8, 2011. Travelers issued to Big D a refund of $3,847 in premiums for the 10 units once the policy change was approved and in effect.
On August 24, 2011, a Frontier employee, Lawrence McAdams, was operating the Tractor and Trailer in the course and scope of his employment when he was involved in an accident with an automobile carrying four passengers. Bituminous retained counsel to defend Frontier and McAdams in the underlying state court proceedings. The state court plaintiffs sent two settlement demand letters to Bituminous for claims arising from the accident. Bituminous forwarded the settlement demand letters to Travelers requesting defense and indemnity of Frontier and McAdams under the terms of Travelers’ commercial automobile insurance policy with Big D. Travelers denied coverage. Bituminous ultimately settled with the state court plaintiffs who then filed for court approval of the settlement. Bituminous then filed suit in federal district court against Travelers seeking a declaratory judgment that the Tractor and Trailer operated by McAdams while working for Frontier were covered under the policy issued by Travelers to Big D. Bituminous contended in its motion for summary judgment that Travelers’ policy with Big D provided primary coverage for the Tractor and Trailer and that Frontier and McAdams were permissive users of the Tractor and Trailer at the time of the accident.
Travelers filed a cross-motion for summary judgment against Bituminous arguing that: (1) the Tractor and Trailer were not “covered autos” because the Endorsement eliminated them from coverage under the policy; (2) Frontier and McAdams were not permissive users under the policy; and, (3) regardless of liability, Travelers had no duty to defend because the underlying state court proceedings were never tendered to it.
Applying Texas law, the district judge rendered summary judgment in favor of Travelers and dismissed Bituminous’s claims with prejudice. In his memorandum opinion and order, the district judge held that the Endorsement unambiguously deleted liability coverage for the listed units, including the Tractor and Trailer, which were therefore not considered “covered autos” when they were involved in the accident. In support of this holding, the district judge pointed to the terms of the Equipment Lease evidencing Frontier’s agreement to maintain liability coverage for the Tractor and Trailer, the express language of the Endorsement in the context of the entire policy issued by Travelers, and to the premiums returned by Travelers to Big D after the Endorsement became effective. In light of his finding that the commercial automobile insurance policy issued by Travelers to Big D did not cover the Tractor and Trailer involved in the accident, the district judge declined to reach the merits of the remaining arguments advanced by Bituminous in the summary judgment proceedings. On appeal, Bituminous argues: (1) that the Endorsement did not unambiguously delete from liability coverage the Tractor and Trailer driven by Frontier’s employee, McAdams, and that the ambiguity should be construed in favor of Bituminous to evidence primary liability coverage under the policy; and, (2) that Frontier and McAdams were “permissive users” of the Tractor and Trailer under Travelers’ policy with Big D at the time of the accident.
After considering the parties’ arguments as briefed on appeal, and after reviewing the record, the applicable statutory, state and federal case law, and the district court’s judgment and reasoning, this appeals court AFFIRMED the district court’s summary judgment in favor of Defendants-Appellees and adopted its analysis in full.

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