What is a First Party claim versus a Third Party claim?
A “first party” policy typically involves insurance that provides policy benefits directly to the insured or beneficiary in the event of a loss. The Texas Insurance Code, Section 541.051(2) defines “first party claim” as a claim “by an insured or policyholder under an insurance policy or contract or by a beneficiary named in the policy or contract that must be paid by insurer directly to the insured or beneficiary. These types of policies generally include health insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, auto policy insurance, homeowner’s property insurance, and commercial property insurance.
In contrast, “third party coverage” is generally considered to include all forms of liability insurance. This type of insurance is designed to insure against loss to third parties caused by the insured or another covered person for whom the covered person may be legally responsible.