Articles Posted in Insurance Adjusters

For an insurance attorney to know the insurance adjuster did something wrong when it comes to a lawsuit is not good enough.  When filing a lawsuit, the allegations of wrongdoing by the adjuster must be properly alleged in the lawsuit papers.  This is illustrated in the Southern District, Corpus Christi Division, opinion styled, Esteban Cruz v. State Farm Lloyds.

This case was filed against State Farm in State Court and State Farm caused the case to be removed to Federal Court based on diversity jurisdiction.

State Farm seeks dismissal of the extra-contractual claims for “failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted” pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6)Rule 8(a)(2) requires a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.  This includes sufficient factual allegations to indicate that the claim is plausible.

Suing Adjusters in federal court is often times difficult.  The reason is that an adjuster is usually sued in state court in an effort to defeat diversity jurisdiction thus, keeping the case in state court.  When an insurance company believes the adjuster has been sued solely to defeat diversity jurisdiction, the insurance company will remove the case to federal court and ask the Judge to dismiss the adjuster.

This is what happened in this 2018, 5th Circuit opinion styled, William Mauldin v. Allstate Insurance Company; Mayella Gonzales; Theresa Hernandez.

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C., Section 1441 and 1446, Allstate removed this case to federal court where the Judge allowed the removal.  Mauldin appealed this issue to this Court.

As has been discussed before, insurance companies would rather litigate cases in Federal Court instead of State Court.  The reasons are numerous.

One way to stay out of Federal Court is to defeat diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. Section 1332(a).  This is most commonly done by suing a local adjuster for the wrongs the adjuster has committed when the insurance company is an insurance company that maintains its main head-quarters out of state.

The Southern District of Texas, Houston Division, issued an opinion on October 30, 2018, wherein the Court sue sponte remanded a case back to the State Court after the insurer had removed it to Federal Court.  The case is styled, Joan Elaine Murray v. Allstate Vehicle and Property Insurance Company and Brandon Joseph Chisolm.

Insurance attorneys representing the insureds would prefer to fight cases in State Court.  One way of doing this is to successfully plead a case against the insurance adjuster.  Insurance companies would prefer to fight in Federal Court.

Here is a case wherein the case was filed in State Court against the insurer and the adjuster and removed to Federal Court by the insurance company.  The insurance company successfully kept the case in Federal court but expressly allowed the insured to replead the case against the adjuster.

The case was replead and now the insured is seeking to have the case remanded to the State Court.  This 2018, opinion is from the Northern District of Texas, Dallas Division and is styled, William W. Caruth, III, et al. v. Chubb Lloyd’s Insurance Company of Texas, et al.

When suing an insurance adjuster, it is necessary to articulate facts that show an adjuster did something wrong.  This is illustrated in this 2018, U.S. District Court, Northern District, Dallas Division, opinion styled, Recovery Resource Counsel v. ACE American Insurance Company, et al.

Recovery Resource Counsel (RRC) alleges it suffered wind and hail damage to its insurer ACE.  ACE hired Kirn to investigate the claim, who in turn hired Douglas Structure repair.  Douglas Structure subsequently issued a report that RRC’s property had not sustained any damage and the claim was denied.  RRC sued for breach of contract and various violations of the Texas Insurance Code.

The lawsuit was filed in State Court and ACE had the case removed to Federal Court where ACE claimed the case against Kirn was sued for the purposes of defeating diversity jurisdiction and was thus, an improper joinder.

The United States District Court, Northern District, Dallas Division, issued an opinion in April 2018, titled, Grand Hotel Hospitality LLC d/b/a Grand Hotel Dallas v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd’s of London et al.

This is a breach of contract case where Grand Hotel suffered a fire damage and sued Lloyd’s and the adjuster assigned to handle the claim.  There were allegations for violation of the Texas Insurance Code, Section 541.060, made against the adjuster, Brandon Weir.

The lawsuit was filed in State Court and the Defendants caused the case to be removed to Federal Court alleging the joinder of Weir was fraudulent in order to beat diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. Section 1332.

Most Dallas insurance lawyers in Dallas and Fort Worth know the ways agents and adjusters can liable for their actions in selling a policy or handling a claim.

Just as an insurance company is liable for its own misconduct, so too agents may be personally liable for their misdeeds, even when acting on an insurer’s behalf.  In general, an agent is individually liable for his or her own tort or statutory violation .  This has been made clear in numerous Texas cases including the Texas Supreme Court in its 1985 opinion, Weitzel v. Barnes.

Ordinarily, an agent is not liable for breach of contract based on the insurance policy, because the contract of insurance is not between the insured and the agent.

Too many times, the claims against an adjuster fail when those claims are removed to Federal Court.  There was a successful claim recently in the Southern District, Houston Division.  It is styled, Lillie Jean Hooper v. Allstate Texas Lloyd’s, et al.

Hooper suffered storm damage and submitted a claim to Allstate for severe damage to her roof and home, and water damage.

The adjusters assigned to the claim were Katherine Hernandez and Joe Bobbitt.  They conducted a assessment and later a second assessment of the claims submitted by Hooper.  Hooper alleges the adjusters intended to deny her claim and fabricated explanations of the visible damage that attributed them to causes not covered by the policy.  Hooper own evaluator estimated the damage at $26,459.86.

Getting the insurance adjuster served with legal papers in a lawsuit is important and for some reason, overlooked.  This is illustrated in an Eastern District, Sherman Division case styled, Robert Crawford v. Allied Property and Casualty Insurance Company, Laura Jones.

Crawford, a citizen of Texas, sued Allied, an Iowa Company and Jones, who is a Texas resident in State District Court.  The suit arises out of the Defendant’s alleged improper handling of an insurance claim.  Crawford suffered extensive damage to his property during a storm.  Allied was Crawford’s insurer.  Jones was hired by Allied to inspect and adjust Crawford’s loss.  Thereafter, it is alleged that Jones conducted a substandard investigation and inspection of the property, prepared a report that failed to include all of the damages that she noted during the inspection, and undervalued the damages she observed during the inspection, all of which resulted in Allied denying Crawford adequate coverage under the policy.  Crawford sued for breach of contract and sued Allied and Jones for violations of the Texas Insurance Code.

Allied and Jones removed the case to Federal Court based on diversity jurisdiction, alleging that Jones was improperly joined to defeat diversity jurisdiction.

Insurance adjusters who are inexperienced and do not know what they are doing can hurt insureds who just want their claim paid.  Reuters ran a story on September 11, 2017, dealing with the shortage of trained and experienced insurance adjusters after Hurricanes Harvey and Irma.  The story is titled “Insurers Ache For Qualified Inspectors After U.S. Hurricanes”.

Insurance companies were scrambling to find adjusters in Texas and Florida after hurricanes Harvey and Irma hit within two weeks of each other, causing tens of billions of dollars’ worth of property damage.

Although insurance companies maintain a number of adjusters across the U.S. year round, there is a need to redeploy staff from other areas or hire contract adjusters to fill gaps when catastrophes like Harvey and Irma hit.  It is important that these adjusters get deployed quickly because payments on claims is critical to residents and business owners awaiting these insurance payments.